Scientific name: Fratercula  These puffins were photographed on the Northumbrian coast. The puffin is unmistakable, once seen, never forgotten. They breed in large colonies in this area and feed primarily by diving in the water. Because of their colourful and comical appearance they have nicknames such as “sea parrots” or “clowns of the sea” Puffins live longer than you might think, many in excess of twenty years. They are very clumsy on land but underwater they gain amazing agility, steering with their feel and their wings become flippers.  Fascinating Fact: Baby puffins are called “Pufflings” and Puffins only lay one egg a year. Puffins also have only one partner for life
Scientific name: Accipiter gentilis 
This beautiful bird is the northern goshawk and is a medium sized raptor; it has a wide range over most of Europe, Eurasia and North America. 
 
In the Middle Ages only the nobility were permitted to fly goshawks for falconry. 
 
They are carnivorous, mainly consuming birds, mammals and reptiles of moderate size. Their long legs and talons enable them to capture birds in flight. 
They can be found in coniferous and deciduous forests and prefer mature forest with tall trees. 
 
Goshawks were exterminated from the UK in the 1800s by game-keepers and egg collectors, but have been recolonising since the 1960s through releases and escapes of falconry birds. They now prefer areas away from humans. 
Population strongholds are now in Wales and Northern England. 
 
Fascinating Fact: Young Goshawks are born with pale yellow eyes which turn dark red as they reach maturity. 
Tagged as: Birds of Prey
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